A futuristic view of an AI dominated world


Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning (ML), Artificial Superintelligence (ASI), Artificial General Intelligence (AGI), and Large Language Models (LLMs) are terms that have increasingly become part of our everyday lexicon. These concepts, pioneered by visionaries like Nick Bostrom, are shaping the future of technology and society. This blog post aims to provide an overview of these concepts and delve into their implications.

Understanding AI and ML

Artificial Intelligence (AI) refers to the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems. These processes include learning, reasoning, problem-solving, perception, and language understanding. Machine Learning (ML), a subset of AI, involves the practice of using algorithms to parse data, learn from it, and then make a determination or prediction about something in the world.

AI and ML have a wide range of applications today, from recommendation systems in online shopping to autonomous driving cars. However, they also have limitations, including the need for large amounts of data to function effectively and the difficulty of understanding and explaining their decision-making processes.

Exploring ASI and AGI

Artificial Superintelligence (ASI) and Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) are advanced concepts in the field of AI. ASI refers to a future scenario where AI surpasses human intelligence in all areas, while AGI refers to a type of AI that has the ability to understand, learn, and apply knowledge across a wide range of tasks at a level equal to or beyond a human being.

The concept of machine agency is central to understanding ASI and AGI. However, as argued by researchers K. Jebari and Joakim Lundborg, a common AI scenario where general agency suddenly emerges in a non-general agent AI, such as DeepMind’s superintelligent board game AI AlphaZero, is not plausible.

Introduction to Large Language Models (LLMs)

Large Language Models (LLMs) like GPT are AI models that can generate human-like text. They are trained on vast amounts of data and can produce coherent and contextually relevant sentences. LLMs have a wide range of applications, from drafting emails to writing code. However, they also have limitations, including the potential to generate inappropriate or biased content and the inability to understand the text in the same way humans do.

Risks of Artificial Intelligence

As AI continues to evolve and permeate various aspects of our lives, it brings with it a host of risks:

  • Job Displacement: AI could potentially replace human jobs, leading to significant societal and economic changes.
  • Privacy Concerns: The vast amounts of data AI systems require can lead to significant privacy concerns.
  • Copyright Questions: As AI becomes more creative, it raises complex questions about copyright ownership.
  • Existential Risk: The potential for ASI to surpass human intelligence poses existential risks that we need to carefully consider and mitigate.
  • Bias and Fairness: AI systems can inadvertently perpetuate or exacerbate existing biases, leading to unfair outcomes.
  • Security: AI can be used maliciously, posing new security threats.
  • Dependence on AI: Over-reliance on AI could lead to a loss of certain human skills and capabilities.

The Intersection of Science Fiction and Philosophy

Science fiction often provides a window into philosophical puzzles related to AI. It allows us to explore the philosophical aspects of AI, including the nature of persons, the mind, ethical and political issues, and space and time. These explorations can help us better understand and navigate the complex world of AI.

  1. “2001: A Space Odyssey” by Arthur C. Clarke
  2. “Neuromancer” by William Gibson
  3. “I, Robot” by Isaac Asimov
  4. “Ex Machina” (Film)
  5. “Her” (Film)
  6. “Westworld” (TV Series)
  7. “Black Mirror” (TV Series)


AI, ML, ASI, AGI, and LLMs are transforming our world in unprecedented ways. As we continue to innovate and push the boundaries of these technologies, it’s crucial that we also consider the potential risks and implications. By doing so, we can ensure that the future of AI is one that benefits all of humanity.

Further Reading

For those interested in delving deeper into these topics, here are some recommended readings:

  1. “Artificial superintelligence and its limits: why AlphaZero cannot become a general agent” by K. Jebari and Joakim Lundborg
  2. “Editorial: Risks of Artificial Intelligence” by V. C. Müller
  3. “Artificial Intelligence Research Community and Associations in Poland” by G. J. Nalepa and J. Stefanowski
  4. “Science fiction and philosophy: from time travel to superintelligence” by S. Schneider

These works provide valuable insights into the world of AI and its potential implications for our future.